How do you detect caries?
Dental caries can be visible thanks to the massive tooth decay or, on the other hand it can be very difficult to find. Most of the times it doesn’t cause pain in the beginning stage. Bitewing and retroalveolar x-rays are the best way to detect them (especially when it affects interdental areas).
The treatment of caries is called dental filling and it consists of the removal of the ill tissues and the reconstruction of them in a good way.
But how do you make a good filling?
"Conditio sine qua non" for making a good filling is the isolation of the working area with the dental dam(the article about dental isolation)
The cavity that is done after the removal of the caries has to be cleaned really well and the walls reconstructed. The reconstruction of the tooth has to be at least functional and has to redo the contact area to protect the interdental papilla. The shape of the oclussal area of the teeth has to be adapted to the one of the neighboring and opposite teeth.
The filling shouldn’t have bad contacts, because they can create functional problems. Last but not least, the composite filling should recreate an esthetics without compromise.