INFORMATION FOR PARENTS AND CHILDREN
The dentist needs to be a part of the child’s life starting with the eruption of the first teeth. With the early visits at the dentist, the child gets rid of the fears, and the doctor can observe and eliminate early pathogenetic factors which can determine skeletal, dental or eruption changes.
The majority of children have their teeth grown until the age of 2-3, and at the age of about 6-7 they start replacing it with the final one. The health of the teeth influences the general state of health. Don’t neglect it, even if it is about temporary teeth.
Before the eruption of the first temporary teeth, it is recommended to clean the gums of the baby after each meal with sterile tissue and water. After the first teeth start to appear (6 months) it is recommended to start brushing the teeth only with water, with a special brush and toothpaste (special for each age). The quantity of toothpaste shouldn’t be more than the size of a pea. It is recommended to renew the toothbrush every three months. The child needs to be assisted and helped by the parents to brush correctly, twice a day, for 3 to 5 minutes. The personal example is very important!
The American Orthodontic Academy recommends that all children are evaluated by a specialist in orthodontics until the age of 7. This allows for the early diagnosis of dento-maxillar anomalies and, by undergoing the right treatment, the doctor can prevent the appearance of real malocclusions.
It is very important that the diet of the child is rich in food which contains calcium and protein (fruits, vegetables, dairy products, rice and whole cereals, eggs, chicken and fish meat, nuts, seeds), food rich in vitamin A, B, B6, C and D and poor in carbohydrates. It is also recommended to avoid floury, soft, sticky foods or the ones which contain refined sugar.
These juices have a high level of harmful substances which attack the tooth’s enamel: sugar, citric acid, ascorbic acid, carbon dioxide. Drinking a lot of carbonated drinks or even natural juices from citric and forest fruits can produce enamel erosion.
It prevents the cavity lesions and helps in the remineralizing of incipient lesions. The fluoridation done in the dental office implies applying the fluoride as a lacquer (for children under 4 years old) or gels (for children over 4 years old) and is applied only after a professional dental cleaning. This is recommended especially to children who have a high risk of developing cavities, children with diseases which affect the saliva flux and children who are undergoing an orthodontic treatment.
When the first final molars erupt, the doctors recommend them to be sealed (this procedure is done on teeth that are not affected yet by cavities). It aims at protecting the fosse and grooves of the tooth (these are the tooth’s anatomical shapes which favor the accumulation of food remains, leading to the development of cavities). The sealing is a non-invasive procedure which is preceded by a dental cleaning and fluoridation and it implies the application of a special material, which acts like a barrier against pathogen agents which cause cavities.